The Wrekin’s Town
Wellington lies just a mile from The Wrekin and two have enjoyed a close connection for a thousand years or more. After the coming of the railways, the town’s station was the stopping off point for thousands of Victorian tourists visiting the hill. We heartily encourage you to do the same, and it really couldn’t be easier.
A Potted History
With a lineage stretching back to at least the seventh century, Wellington can justifiably lay claim to being one of Shropshire’s oldest towns. Until medieval times, however, it was little more than a village scattered around the Green outside All Saints parish church. In 1244, the pace of life began to quicken when the settlement received its first market charter, ushering in an era of unparalleled expansion as a new town centre was laid out around Market Square — which has been the beating heart of Wellington ever since. Over the centuries, a host of notable figures have traversed its narrow, characterful streets, not least of all King Charles I, whose ‘Wellington Declaration’ effectively heralded the beginning of the English Civil War in 1642. A number of skirmishes took place around the town during that conflict but the next major upheaval arrived in the mid-1800s, when the railway cut a swathe through the centre of town. Its transformative effect proved to be just as imperative to Wellington’s fortunes as the granting of its first market charter, and the town quickly developed into a major regional commercial and industrial centre.
For a town of its size, Wellington has an extraordinary range of literary connections that would be the envy of far larger localities. It was the birthplace of the best-selling international Victorian novelist and social reformer Hesba Stretton, played a starring role in the foundation of the Brönte dynasty (father Patrick was a curate here), and was the location where the travel writer Bruce Chatwin, author of the evocative Marches-based opus On the Black Hill, was educated. Philip Larkin, one of the twentieth century’s great literary figures, also began his professional career as a librarian here, in which time his only two novels and first collection of poetry, The North Ship, were published. Doctor William Withering, one of the town’s most celebrated sons, was born here in 1741. He was responsible for publishing the first contemporary scientific account of British plantlife but is probably better known for his exhaustive studies into the properties of Digitalis, which helped establish a template for modern cardiac treatment.
With a full complement of pubs, restaurants, cafes, independent businesses and commercial services, Wellington is an ideal location to begin or end a Wrekin expedition. However, no trip would be complete without sampling its General Market, which is widely acknowledged as one of the Midlands finest. A well-timed visit may also allow you to take in one of the town’s many annual events, chief of which is the long-running free Arts Festival. In March, Wellington celebrates its Charter Day, while the hugely popular June Midsummer Fayre is also inspired by the town’s historic past. If heritage is your thing, you may also want to check out Sunnycroft the town’s sole National Trust Property.
Unless you’re travelling by canal boat, visiting Wellington, which is Located right in the middle of Shropshire, is something of a breeze. Route 81 of the National Cycle Network bisects the town centre (where cycle parking is readily available), while the long distance Shropshire Way also passes through the area. Wellington is a Walkers Are Welcome town, and more details about local rights of way can be found by visiting the group’s website. A railway station on the main rail line between Mid Wales and the West Midlands is also situated here, with regularly hourly services to Shrewsbury and Birmingham, and a twice-daily train to London. Conveniently, Wellington’s bus and rail facilities are situated side by side, and a full list of local services can be found by visiting the Arriva website. If you’ve decided to visit The Wrekin by car, you can take advantage of free parking liberally sprinkled around the town centre, which is just a few minutes’ drive from junctions 6 and 7 of the M54 (and around one and half miles from the hill itself).